What is depression?
Major depression is a medical condition and is defined as a depressed state of mood on a daily basis for a minimum duration of 2 weeks.
An episode is characterized by:
- Apathy or Irritation
- Associated with: Change in sleep pattern
- Weight gain / loss
- Impaired concentration
- Unable to make decisions etc.
A person with depression has a profound loss of pleasure in all the enjoyable activities, exhibit early awakening, feel that dysphoric mood, change in diurnal mood (worse in morning hours.)
- Most common condition
- Mainly occur in Adolescent and in Adult woman.
- Between 15-20 out of 100 (15%-20%) experiences an episode of major depression at some point of their life.
COURSE OF ILLNESS:
Average age is mid 20’s.
Major depression can occur at anytime in life.
It can be a single episode or may reoccur over a person’s lifetime.
Depression is multifactorial. There are few listed down below⬇️
✔ Some diseases or medication may cause depression.
✔Traumatic childhood or adult life events may act as a trigger. Childhood trauma like death or separation of parents. Adult life events may include divorce, loss of loved ones, severe financial problems, family conflict, loss of job, retirement etc.
✔Family history: Person has slightly higher chance of going into depression but it is not necessary.
✔Some neurotransmitter (brain chemicals) imbalance may trigger the onset of depression. ⬇️
▪️Serotonin helps to regulate sleep, appetite, mood and inhibit pains. Low Serotonin levels are found in a depressed person.
▪️Nor-epinephrine: constrict blood vessels, raising blood pressure. It may trigger anxiety and may involved in depression.
✔Psychological vulnerability to depression. Person who has low self-esteem, tend to worry a lot etc.
✔Homoeopathy helps a patient with their mental state by treating patient as a whole.
- Homoeopath understands the root cause of your disease and treat the patient holistically.
✔Eating healthy & Natural Food helps to increase the level of neurotransmitters whilst junk food decreases their levels. Mindful eating and eating on time is important.
✔Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: CBT is a blend of two therapies: cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy. Cognitive therapy focuses on a person’s thoughts and beliefs, and how they influence a person’s mood and actions, and aims to change a person’s thinking to be more adaptive and healthy. Behavioral therapy focuses on a person’s actions and aims to change unhealthy behavior patterns.
✔Family Psychoeducation: Good treatment in the family can play an important role to help both the person with depression and his or her relatives.
- During this lockdown many people are facing depression. What a person can do is engage themselves in some activity.
- Stop thinking too much.
- Art therapy helps too.
By Dr. Maryam Shaikh (BHMS)